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Antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia.

To determine the adequacy of antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia, and the influencing factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted among postnatal women who delivered in two tertiary hospitals.

Data were collected from antenatal cards, hospital documents and diet recall on daily milk and calcium intake during pregnancy. SPSS version A total of women were studied. The adequacy of daily calcium intake was not influenced by maternal age, ethnicity, income or maternal job or educational status as well as parity. The daily dietary calcium intake of the Malaysian antenatal population is far from adequate without the addition of calcium supplements and milk.

Calcium Intake : A Lifelong Proposition. This article reviews the current problem of low calcium intake in the United States among all age groups, the role of calcium in the formation and maintenance of bone mass, and major factors influencing absorption. Osteoporosis is discussed, and current recommendations for Recommended Dietary allowance are provided.

Calcium intake trends and health consequences from childhood through adulthood.

Issues involving low calcium intake and dairy product consumption are currently the focus of much debate and discussion at both the scientific and lay community levels. In this review, we examine the following major areas of interest: 1. To date, the findings indicate that calcium intake and dairy product consumption have beneficial roles in a variety of chronic diseases; dairy products provide an abundant source of vitamins and minerals; calcium intakes of children have increased over time, yet intakes are not meeting the current adequate intake AI calcium recommendations; dairy consumption has decreasedand soft drink consumption and, possibly, consumption of calcium -fortified products have increased; consumption of dairy products have a positive nutritional impact on diets of children, particularly from school meals, and there are many factors which influence children's milk consumption, all of which need to be considered in our efforts to promote adequate calcium intakes by children.

Based on this review, areas that need immediate attention and future research imperatives are summarized in an effort to further our understanding on what we already know and what we need to know to promote healthier eating habits early in life. Dietary calcium intake and risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, and fracture in a population with low calcium intake. Background: The role of dietary calcium intake in cardiovascular disease CVDstroke, and fracture is controversial. Most reports have evaluated populations with high calcium intake. Objective: We aimed to evaluate whether high dietary calcium intake was associated with the risk of CVD, stroke, and fracture in a population with low calcium intake.

: During follow-up, and deaths, and CVD events, 58 and 82 stroke events, and and incident fractures occurred in men and women, respectively.

Both men and women with higher dietary calcium intake tended to have higher fat, protein, sodium, phosphorus, fruit, and vegetable intakes. Conclusion: In Korean women, increased dietary calcium intake was associated with a decreased CVD risk, but it did not influence the risk of stroke or fracture.

Global dietary calcium intake among adults: a systematic review.

Purpose: Low calcium intake may adversely affect bone health in adults. Recognizing the presence of low calcium intake is necessary to develop national strategies to optimize intake. To highlight regions where calcium intake should be improved, we systematically searched for the most representative PubMed Central.

Sorensen, Mathew D. Purpose Intestinal calcium absorption is thought to play a critical role in nephrolithiasis; however, no study has directly assessed this association. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between intestinal fractional calcium absorption, calcium intakeand nephrolithiasis.

Materials and Methods The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures is a prospective cohort of post-menopausal women recruited from population-based listings in and followed for more than 20 years. The impact of dietary and supplemental calcium on intestinal fractional calcium absorption was evaluated and factors independently associated with nephrolithiasis were determined. Fractional calcium absorption decreased with increased calcium intakewith no difference between dietary and supplemental calcium.

Fractional calcium absorption was higher in women with a nephrolithiasis history among all calcium intake groups.

Conclusions Fractional calcium absorption is higher in women with a history of nephrolithiasis. Higher intestinal fractional calcium absorption is associated with a greater risk of historic nephrolithiasis. Dietary and supplemental calcium decrease fractional calcium absorption and may protect against nephrolithiasis. Impact of calcium intake and intestinal calcium absorption on kidney stones in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures.

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Intestinal calcium absorption is thought to have a critical role in nephrolithiasis. However, to our knowledge no study has directly assessed this association. Therefore, we explored the relationship among intestinal fractional calcium absorption, calcium intake and nephrolithiasis. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures is a prospective cohort of 9, postmenopausal women recruited from population based listings in and followed for more than 20 years.

The impact of dietary and supplemental calcium on intestinal fractional calcium absorption was evaluated, and factors independently associated with nephrolithiasis were determined. Fractional calcium absorption is higher in women with a history of nephrolithiasis. Higher intestinal fractional calcium absorption is associated with a greater risk of historical nephrolithiasis. Dietary and supplemental calcium decrease fractional calcium absorption, and may protect against nephrolithiasis.

Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Background Calcium -based and non- calcium -based phosphate binders have similar efficacy in the treatment of hyperphosphatemia; however, calcium -based binders may be associated with hypercalcemia, vascular calcification, and adynamic bone disease. Elemental calcium intakeserum phosphate, corrected serum calciumand serum intact parathyroid hormone levels were analyzed.

Findings Of the patients with calcium acetate dose data, Of the patients with calcium carbonate dose data, This may lead to complications related to calcium balance. Meng, Xingqiong; Kerr, Deborah A. The role of calcium in the prevention of bone loss in later life has been well established but little data exist on the adequacy of calcium intakes in elderly Australian women. The aim of this study was to compare the dietary intake including calcium of elderly Australian women with the Australian dietary recommendation, and to investigate the prevalence of calcium supplement use in this population.

Community-dwelling women aged 70—80 years were randomly recruited using the Electoral Roll for a 2-year protein intervention study in Western Australia. Dietary intake was assessed at baseline by a 3-day weighed food record and analysed for energy, calcium and other nutrients.

A total of women were included in the analysis. The of this study indicate that the majority of elderly women were not meeting their calcium requirements from diet alone. In order to achieve the recommended dietary calcium intakebetter strategies for promoting increased calciumfrom both diet and calcium supplements appears to be needed. Background: Preeclampsia in pregnancy has been shown to be associated with low serum calcium level. Though the evidence is abundant, it is equivocal.

Objectives: The study aimed to estimate the dietary calcium intake and serum calcium status among pregnant women, and to document the association of the dietary calcium intake and serum calcium status with incidence of preeclampsia in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. All pregnant women between 28 weeks and 36 weeks of gestation were interviewed. A semi-structured interview schedule and a h dietary recall questionnaire were administered to assess the dietary calcium intake.

AutoAnalyser Biolis 24i was used for measuring serum calcium. : We enrolled pregnant women. The mean SD serum calcium level was 9. Incidence of preeclampsia was Conclusion: The majority of pregnant women had inadequate dietary calcium intake. The prevalence of hypocalcemia was low. Low serum calcium level was not associated with preeclampsia. Calcium supplementation may not reduce preeclampsia in this population. Is yogurt intake associated with periodontitis due to calcium? The purpose of this study is to determine whether the lower intakes of yogurt, milk, and calcium are associated with periodontitis in a nationally representative sample of Korean adults.

This study comprised 6, adults 19 or more years old who took both periodontal examination and nutrition survey. The frequency of yogurt and milk intake was examined with a food frequency questionnaire. The amount of calcium intake was calculated with dietary intakes data gained from complete one-day hour recall interviews.

Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed for the whole sample and subgroups with the strata of age, gender, or smoking, in a complex sampling de. Less intake of yogurt was ificantly associated with periodontitis odds ratio [OR] 0. In the subgroup analysis, no difference in the association of yogurt intake with periodontitis was found according to the strata of age, gender, and smoking. In conclusion, periodonitis was ificantly associated with the less intake of yogurt among the Korean adults, but the calcium contained in yogurt is not likely to cause it.

A study of calcium intake and sources of calcium in adolescent boys and girls from two socioeconomic strata, in Pune, India.